Agriculture

Agriculture contributes directly to over a quarter of the GDP and provides a source of livelihood to the majority of Kenyans. Indeed, it is expected to grow at a pace of about 6-8 per cent as a result of various measures to be implemented under the MTP, including a reduction in the cost of farm inputs such as fertiliser; improving farm prices; providing higher value addition; improved marketing and the implementation of policies to revitalise the sector, while increasing overall agricultural productivity. The government will also irrigate an additional 1.2 million hectares of land for crop production while five disease-free zones will be established in different parts of the country to improve the health and quality of livestock and to facilitate export of livestock and livestock products into the world market.

Kenya aims to promote an innovative, commercially-oriented, and modern agricultural sector. This will be accomplished through: (i) transforming key institutions in agriculture and livestock to promote agricultural growth; (ii) increasing productivity of crops and livestock; (iii) introducing land use polices for better utilisation of high and medium potential lands; (iv) developing more irrigable areas in arid and semi-arid lands for both crops and livestock; and (v) improving market access for our smallholders through better supply chain management. Vision 2030 aims at adding value to our farm and livestock products before they reach local and international markets.

Projects and Programmes for 2008 -2012

  •  Enactment of the Consolidated Agricultural Reform Bill:
  •  Fertiliser Cost-reduction Investment:
  •  Establishment of Disease-Free Zones:
  •  Land Use Master Plan:
  •  ASAL Development Project: This project will initially be implemented in the Tana and Athi River basins to bring between 600,000 - 1,000,000 Ha. under irrigation.


The flagship projects enumerated above will be supported by the following nine key supportive initiatives:

  •  Agricultural research and development:
  •  Extension services:
  •  Transformation of parastatals and producer organizations
  •  The Cooperative Sector: strengthening governance and technical capacity of cooperatives for better performance
  •  Seed and breed quality improvement:
  •  Test, promote and distribute low-cost irrigation technology:
  •   Undertake livestock initiatives:
  •   Reorganisation of agricultural investment and export promotion agencies;
  •   Plan for development of identified idle lands in high potential and ASAL areas


The Legal, regulatory and institutional reforms include; Improving access to farm inputs, promoting the growing and consumption of traditional foods, fast track efforts towards empowering farmers through participatory grassroots stakeholders’ forums and Agricultural Financial Services.

Recent Developments

Recent developments over the last financial year include:

ASDS launch: The Agricultural Sector Development Strategy (2010-2020), was launched on the 24th of July 2010. The document outlines the challenges, opportunities, vision, strategic thrusts and the various interventions that the sector will have to undertake for future development.
CAADP compact signing: Kenya signed the NEPAD - Comprehensive Africa Agricultural Development Programme (CAADP) Compact in Nairobi on 24th July 2010. This is a strategy document that commits the partners to implement the common vision of the sector delivering on specific common targets.
 MTIP road map: The Mid Term Investment Plan (MTIP) 2010-2015 contains detailed budgets for the subsector investment projections and concretizes plans for the sector development signalled in the ASDS and CAADP compact. Actions for consideration in the MTIP implementation were developed, and specific actions and timeframes are factored in.
Policy Reforms: A large number of agricultural policies and acts have been reviewed and/or prepared, chief among them being a consolidated agricultural reform bill and the food security and nutrition policy in line with the new Constitution.

Key priority action areas in 2011

  • Communication of donor and Government financial commitments
  • Finalize formulation of a Sector M&E framework
  • Develop a private sector investment strategy
  • Functional analysis to develop capacities across the sector
  • Prioritization of commodity value chains in the three agro-ecological zones
  • Policy reforms
  • Agriculture consolidated Bill

 

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