Science, Technology and Innovation

Science, Technology and Innovation

Harnessing Science, Technology and Innovation for Regional and Global Competitiveness”

The integration of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) in national productive processes is central to the success of the government’s policy priorities and programmes outlined in Kenya Vision 2030. This is particularly important within the context of demands for global economic competitiveness, sustainable development and equity concerns. Consequently, the development of the necessary scientific and technological infrastructure, as well as the technical and entrepreneurial skills is an essential prerequisite to the transformation of Kenya into a knowledge-based society. Introducing innovative ideas into products, processes and services is highly dependent on the presence of a clearly defined and supportive policy, as well as having an institutional and legal framework that effectively addresses citizen needs and aspirations.

The capabilities of STI are therefore critical in ensuring sustainable development associated with natural resource management and disasters. Further, STI capabilities promote sustainable development, especially through social integration, conservation and sustainable management of biodiversity; sharing opportunities and benefits of a knowledge-based society and economy and strengthening local and indigenous knowledge and culture.

Vision 2030 proposes intensified application of science, technology and innovation to raise productivity and efficiency levels across the three pillars. It recognizes the critical role played by research and development (R&D) in accelerating economic development in all the newly industrializing countries of the world. The Government will create the STI policy framework to support Vision 2030. More resources will be devoted to scientific research, technical capabilities of the workforce, and in raising the quality of teaching mathematics, science and technology in schools, polytechnics and universities.

Programmes and Projects for 2008 – 2012

  •     Strengthening technical capacities and capabilities:
  •     Developing high skilled human resources base:
  •     Intensification of innovation in priority sectors:
  •     Enhancing STI awareness:

Other programmes

  •     Strengthening the STI Performance Management Framework
  •     Resource Mobilization

Policy, Legal and Institutional Reforms

  •  Ensure consistency in implementation of the STI programmes, projects and plans;
  • Create a favourable business environment required for the performance of the STI initiatives;
  • Provide a framework for mobilising resources, including funding support from domestic and foreign sources within     the framework of the national policy for coordinating support for STI from Kenya’s development partners;
  • Ensure coordination of the activities of ministries in order to implement the STI programmes and create unified management and organisation arrangements at national and local levels;
  • Ensure the participation of domestic and international actors in the execution of the STI activities.
  • Provide standardised methodological administration of STI initiatives of the MTP 2008-2012 implementation, and analyse the implementation;
  • Submit to the government consolidated reports of the STI implementation progress and evaluation/monitoring every two years;
  • Monitor and evaluate activities of the parties implementing the STI tasks and actions, reflected in the MTP 2008-2012;
  • Develop in consultation with the AG’s office, laws needed for implementation of the STI initiatives MTP2008-2012;
  • Inform the public, through the media, about the MTP 2008-2012 STI implementation progress, spending, results, and achievements.


Recent Developments


The HESTI sector continues to make progress towards achieving the MDGs. The Ministry has finalised drafting the ST&I Bill, University Education Bill and Technical Vocational and Entrepreneurial Training (TIVET) Bill. Once enacted, they will provide the requisite enabling environment and institutional reforms necessary for achieving sector objectives. Specific key achievements include:

  • University enrolment rose from 91,541 in 2005 to 159,742 in 2009
  • Girls’ enrolment in University also rose from 30 to 38% between 2005 and 2009
  • Two national polytechnics and four technical institutes were upgraded in 2008/9 to offer degree programmes in  addition to their certificate and diploma courses
  • 12 technical institutes are being upgraded to national polytechnic status
  • 11 technical institutes are being developed gradually to become centres of excellence and construction of 13 new technical institutes is underway
  • Enrolment in public TIVET institutions rose from 34,453 in 2000 to 59,835 in 2010
  • The amount of money allocated to the National Research Fund rose from Ksh 70 million in 2005/6 to Ksh 263 million in 2009/10


Investment Programmes for the MTP 2008-2012
Three investment programmes are proposed. These programmes seek to achieve the following objectives: Strengthening the technical capacities and capabilities of STI, UE and TIVET institutions and systems; Developing a core mass of highly skilled human resources; Intensification of innovation in priority Sectors including setting up a functional National Innovation System; Enhancing awareness on the role of knowledge in enhancing productivity among policy makers, implementers and beneficiaries. Other specific objectives are the establishment of a Science and Technology Park, an Open University; and enhancing access and equity in UE and TVET.

  • Knowledge Management Information System (KMIS): The programme will be implemented through several ICT related projects to establish content management mechanisms, connectivity, intranets, and user readiness in University Education, Technical Vocational and Entrepreneurial Training (TIVET) and the Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) sub-sectors. The KMIS will link, fast track information sharing and decision making among researchers, educators, trainers, communities, industry, and policy makers.  This programme has the highest priority as it will also support the management of other investment programmes.
  • Establishing “Programmes of Excellence” Programme: The Programme will target key sectors identified in Vision 2030. Through the programme, identified skills and competencies will be developed in TVET, STI, and UE.  Actionable objectives for this programme include capacity building at postgraduate level, supply of facilities and equipment for research, education, training and learning, and expansion of opportunities for UE and TVET.
  • Establishing the Open University and the Pan African University: The launch of the Open University of Kenya is tentatively planned for in 2011 and will enrol an additional 20,000 students who will require financial assistance in form of loans to finance their university education. The Pan African University will enrol graduate students only and will initially admit 200 students.
  • Physical infrastructure and capital equipment programme: Most training facilities in HESTI institutions remain short of both basic infrastructure and state-of-the-art equipment to undertake meaningful key training and R&D programmes. The programme will be implemented through specific prioritized and targeted HESTI infrastructure and equipment projects across the HESTI sub-sectors
  • Knowledge Transfer Programme: This Programme is designed to strengthen the linkages between knowledge generators and users. The programme will be implemented through specific projects: Setting up a functional National Innovation System; Technology development and management projects; establishment of a Science and Technology Park; and development of Technology Incubators in TVET institutions

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