In order to address challenges faced in the transport sub-sector, recommendations for a National Integrated Transport Policy (NITP) were made in 2004. This covered diverse issues like  transport infrastructure planning, development and management, legal, institutional and regulatory frameworks, safety and security, funding, gender mainstreaming, utilisation of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), as well as environmental considerations. The aim of all this was to create an enabling framework to nurture the development of a safe, efficient and affordable transport system, whilst maintaining the leading edge of technological advancement in a rapidly changing and globalised environment.

Flagship projects

  •     The First National Spatial Plan:
  •     A 50-year Integrated National Transport Master Plan:
  •     Dredging and /deepening of Mombasa Port
  •     Nairobi metropolitan region bus rapid transit/System
  •     Development of light rail for Nairobi and its suburbs:
  •      Development of a new transport corridor to Southern Sudan and Ethiopia:
  •     Rehabilitation and maintenance of airstrips and airport expansion and modernisation:
  •     Ferry Services Programme
  •     Development of landing sites for smaller boats and canoes

Other interventions on Maritime and Inland waterways include:

  • Developing other minor satellite ports (Funzi, Vanga, Shimoni, Kilifi, Malindi, Lamu, Kiunga and Mtwapa) through    strategic partnership approaches which tap the potential of the private sector in port development and management;
  • Establishing a Coast Guard to link up with other international community coast guards to enhance the creation of a safe and secure maritime industry;
  • Revitalise the inland waterways port infrastructure in the lake region, with Kisumu as a regional inland waterways hub to link with other regional ports such as Bukoba, Jinja, Mwanza and Port Bell.

Recent Developments

  •  Air Transport: Aviation safety and security regulations have been harmonized and adopted by each member of the East African Community (EAC), including an agreement on sharing of resources, particularly safety inspectors. Meanwhile Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA) has been cleared by the Transportation Security Administration of USA allowing the operations of US airlines to and from JKIA to USA. However, implementation is delayed due to security reasons of a regional nature.
  • Maritime and Inland Water Transport: The introduction of 24hours operations at the port of Mombasa has improved efficiency at the port. Consultancy study and feasibility study ongoing for the development of Port Terminal facilities to enhance handling capacity of 1.2Million TEUs per annum. Institutional reforms to make Mombasa Port a Landlord Port are ongoing. Preparations for initial injection of funding to support the Lamu port has just started. Two ferries have been constructed and already in use. Feasibility Study report for the Development of Second Transport Corridor components namely Access road, railway, pipeline and resort cities has been submitted to the government. Dredging the port to 16 meters to accommodate panama vessels is underway.
  • Rail Transport: Studies to assess the viability of constructing a new parallel standard gauge line from Mombasa to Kampala have been initiated. A joint Steering Committee composed of members from the two countries has been formed. The Joint Steering Committee finalized the drawing up of draft bilateral agreement to herald the design and the construction of the new standard gauge railway line. Further, feasibility study for light Rail/Commuters trains to JKIA, CDB and suburbs (Athi River to City Centre, Kikuyu Town to city centre and Thika Town to the Central Business District) is in progress.
  • Pipeline Transport: The Kenya Pipeline Company has achieved a pumping capacity of 880 cubic metres per hour on the Mombasa- Nairobi line thus speeding up delivery of refined products to the market. Flow rate doubled late last August 2009 from 440 cubic metres per hour after the company put up three booster pumps at Kipevu Oil Storage Facility in Mombasa at a cost of Ksh98 million. The achievement comes at a time when the State firm is due to receive new terms for financing building of a parallel Nairobi-Eldoret pipeline from banks. CfC Stanbic Bank is the lead arranger in the deal. Completion of setting up the boosters has increased fuel off take from Kipevu and was part of a capacity enhancement project of the Mombasa-Nairobi pipeline that saw four new pump stations installed at Konza, Makindu, Manyani and Samburu last year.

Priority action areas for 2011

  •  Key policy reforms
  •    Endorsement of the Integrated National Transport Policy by Parliament is keenly anticipated.
  •    Road Transport Sector coordination and harmonization between Government line ministries and development     partners should be enhanced by having regular quarterly meetings to address policy, institutional reform and  investment planning challenges in the sector.


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