Public Sector Reform

An efficient, motivated and well-trained public service will be one of the major foundations of the vision. Kenya will build a public service that is citizen-focused and results-oriented, a process whose achievements so far have received international recognition and awards. The Government will intensify efforts to bring about an attitudinal change in public service that values transparency and accountability to the citizens of Kenya. Results based management and performance contracting will be pegged to the implementation of the Vision’s goals, making it easier to reward public servants on merit and performance. Reforms in the public service will further enhance strategic planning in government, continuous improvement, and stakeholder engagement. A Kenya School of Government will be established to provide research and training for transformative leadership to the highest international standards.

Programmes and Projects 2008-2012

  • Kenya School of Government: The Kenya School of Government will be established with the objective of inculcating public service values and ethics as well as enhancing transformative leadership. The school will also be used to promote core competencies for personnel within the public service sector.
  • Results Based Management: This programme entails deepening results-based management strategies in order to meet citizen expectations.

Policy, Legal and Institutional Reforms

  • Sectoral reform Strategies: Citizen-Centred Policy Review, Citizen Participation and decentralisation of service delivery.
  • Public Finance Management Reform (PFM): With the objective of strengthening financial management and enhancing resource utilisation across the government.  
  • Structural Review of sectors: This review will seek to clarify and harmonise roles of actors in policy, planning, monitoring and evaluation.
  • Organisational Review: This will aim at separating policy formulation, regulatory functions, legal and service delivery across the public sector.

Recent Developments
The Public Sector Transformation: the Public Service reform program - Results for Kenyans since its roll out in 2004, contributed towards initiating a shift across the Public Service to be more citizen centered, results oriented Public Service.

  • Enhanced Results Delivery through roll out of the Rapid Results Approach to over 100 Public Service Institutions across Ministries Departments and Agencies;  
  • Development and roll out of a Transformative leadership, Change Management, Values and Ethics program to over 2,000 Public Service officers;
  • Institutional Capacity building support to  IRCBP beneficiaries and RBM training to 147 officers to act as champions;
  • Enhanced Information Communication & Education (IEC) through implementation of  A national campaign on ‘Huduma Bora ni Haki Yako’ which included roll out of the Public Service Week ; and,
  • Support to Structured Public Sector Stakeholder Partnerships (PSSP) through development of a draft Public Sector Stakeholder Partnerships Policy and implementation of the Prime Ministers Round table (PMRT).  

Performance Contracting: The performance contracting as an accountability framework has gone through a dramatic evolution from humble beginning in the year 2004. Currently, 470 institutions which comprise of, 46 ministries /department, 178 state corporations, 175 local authorities and 71 tertiary institutions are placed on contracts. The department is now training grass root institutions in the provinces and the districts to deepen the process. The process have also moved from haphazard identification of targets and indicators to the development of clear set of Sector Performance Standards based on the international best practices.
Monitoring and Evaluation: The Monitoring and Evaluation Directorate (MED) has consistently been preparing an Annual Progress Report (APR) on the Economic Recovery Strategy/Medium-Term Development Plan, an annual Public Expenditure Review Report and District Annual M&E Reports. MED has also prepared a Master Plan for the coordination of NIMES in 2007, a draft National M&E Policy and a framework for monitoring progress under the Vision 2030 implementation plan. In 2009/2010 the following were the outputs of MED:

  • A draft M&E policy was prepared through a consultative and participatory process and is awaiting further revision in line with the New Constitutional dispensation.
  • Guidelines and/or Standards document for preparation, appraisal, Monitoring and Evaluation of development projects was prepared through a consultative process and is currently in use by the line ministries.
  • National indicators handbook for reporting on government programmes and/or projects was prepared through a consultative process and is currently in use by the line ministries.
  • Public Expenditure Review (PER) for 2010 was finalised and launched.
  • Backstopping of the National Integrated Monitoring and Evaluation System (NIMES) at the National and devolved levels is ongoing.

Priorities action areas for 2011

  • Timely implementation of the provisions of the new constitution in relation to the public sector especially on Devolution, Leadership and Integrity, Access to information and the Public/teachers service commission.
  • Roll out of the Transforming Kenya programme:
    • Policy Supervision and Coordination in the context of the New Constitution.
    • Institutional Transformation;
    • Support to Service Delivery Transformation;
    • Leadership development (including Values and Ethics Program);
    • Institutional Capacity Building (including building competencies and skills for Government through the Kenya School of Government);
    • Improving reforms information, education and communication; and,
    • Strengthening Stakeholder Engagement on Public Service Transformation
  • Cascade Performance contracts to downstream institutions.
  • Deepening of efficiency, accountability and performance management of public institutions.
  • Linking planning, budgeting and target setting to enable real time monitoring of performance
  • Strengthening capacity on performance contracting automation and implementation of sector performance standards
  • Strengthening capacities  for M & E at the national, county and other sub-national levels
  • Strengthening the institutional framework for Monitoring and Evaluation
  • Improving Monitoring and Evaluation practices at the national and sub-national levels

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